At the beginning of the pandemic, the government involved the military to take control. This can be seen from the structure of the Covid-19 Task Force in Presidential Decree No. 7/2020 and its amendments in Presidential Decree No. 9/2020.
Instead of handing over authority to the health authorities, the government actually gives “more authority” to the military, including:
During the period from July 2020 to April 2021, LaporCovid-19 received 1,096 citizen reports regarding non-compliance with health protocols, despite the deployment of the TNI/POLRI.
Weak enforcement of this rule is exacerbated by the omission of official officials and representatives of the people who often hold activities that gather large crowds, but are not given sanctions. As a result, gatherings in public spaces continued, leading to an increase in infections at the community level.
Physical sanctions for prokes violators include push-ups, usage of water cannons, sleeping in coffins, beatings, torture, and excessive mass dispersal. In addition, military personnel was allowed to carry out repressive measures:
In mid-August 2021, more than 53 million Indonesians received the first dose of vaccine and at least 27 million people received the second dose. However, the implementation of the Covid-19 vaccination in Indonesia still leaves problems, especially with regard to unfair access and disproportionate penalties for refusing vaccination.
The determination of prioritized vulnerable groups refers to the current limited supply of vaccines. Who are the prioritized vulnerable groups?
The Indonesian government does not seem to pay attention to vaccine equivalence. The government actually provides Covid-19 vaccinations for groups that are not a priority, such as celebrities, artists, to members of the DPR and their families, before priority groups get it.
In fact, not all citizens get the same information, especially:
The application of sanctions for delaying or terminating social assistance is inappropriate and violates the 1945 Constitution and Law 36/2009 on Health, where everyone has the right to independently determine the type of health service and treatment according to their own will. Vaccines also cannot be used as other administrative requirements, such as SKCK, Certificate from the Village, KTP services, and so on.
Fulfillment of social security and public services is a right for every citizen and cannot be limited because they do not participate in the Covid-19 Vaccination
This communal paid vaccination has three main problems.
In 2020, the government launched six social safety net (Jaring Pengaman Sosial/JPS) programs to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 on marginalized groups.
However, JPS was unable to fully reach the people affected by the pandemic. As a result, there are still many residents affected by the pandemic and are entitled to JPS who have not received social assistance because:
The corruption of social assistance funds by Juliari Batubara and other officials is only one of many problems. This corrupt practice can actually be found in elements ranging from neighborhood unit, community unit, village officials, third parties distributing social assistance, to regional heads. They use their authority and take advantage of loopholes in the lack of supervision and transparency of social assistance.
The politicization of social assistance funds, especially during the 2020 Regional Head Elections and the practice of corruption, collusion, and nepotism are also rampant.
JPS will be continued in the 2021 Fiscal year. However, numerous citizens complain about the same problem in 2020. This stifling situation will make it more difficult for society to get their right to social protection. Especially in the midst of the situation of restrictions on community activities and the difficulty of finding work or layoffs.